By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes
This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American heritage classes, A background of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic conception, type constitution and financial association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency thought, the preferred interpretation of Latin American heritage, which stresses the industrial dating of Latin American international locations to wealthier countries, quite the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A background of Latin the United States makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation procedure, and comprises the latest historic research and the main updated learn. this is often the main streamlined and cohesive version but, with monstrous additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. increased assurance of social and cultural heritage comprises ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.
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Extra info for A History of Latin America
This great ceremonial center at Teotihuacán was sacred ground and most likely inhabited by only the priestly nobility and their servants. Farther out were the residential quarters where ofﬁ- cials, artisans, and merchants lived. Teotihuacán is estimated to have had a population of at least 125,000. On the outskirts of the city, which covered an area of seven square miles, lived a large rural population that supplied the metropolis with its food. It is likely that an intensive agriculture using canal irrigation and terracing on hillslopes formed the economic foundation of the Teotihuacán civilization.
After 1200, Maya cultural and political inﬂuence revived. Chichén Itzá was abandoned, and power passed to the city-state of Mayapan, a large, walled town from which Maya rulers dominated much of the peninsula, holding tribal chiefs and their families as hostages to exact tribute from surrounding provinces. But in the ﬁfteenth century, virtually all centralized rule disappeared. A successful revolt overthrew the tyranny of Mayapan and destroyed the city itself in 1441. By this time, Maya civilization was in full decline.
Since this system excluded the possibility of such dense populations as were found at Teotihuacán and other Mesoamerican Classic or Postclassic centers, the traditional interpretation assumed a dispersed peasant population whose houses— typically one-room, pole-and-thatch structures— were widely scattered or grouped in small hamlets across the countryside between the ceremonial and administrative centers. These centers, which contained temples, pyramids, ritual ball courts, and other structures, were denied the character of true “cities”; it was believed that only the Maya elites—a few priests, nobles, and ofﬁcials and their attendants—lived in them.
A History of Latin America by Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes