By Brian M. Walker (auth.)
This ground-breaking political background of the 2 Irish States presents distinct new insights into the 'Troubles' and the peace method. It examines the influence of the fraught dynamics among the competing identities of the Nationalist-Catholic-Irish neighborhood at the one hand and the Unionist-Protestant-British neighborhood at the other.
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Additional info for A Political History of the Two Irelands: From Partition to Peace
What emerged was a clear public identification of the government and state with the Protestant and unionist community. In the early years, however, it is worth noting that there was an effort to avoid such close links. Sir James Craig was an enthusiastic Orangeman, but in 1922 he rejected a request in the Northern Ireland parliament to make the 12th of July a public holiday. 151 On 12 July 1927 the editorial in the nationalist Irish News observed that the Orange resolutions for that year were moderate and that the 12th occasion was under ‘happier auspices than in the past’.
On 12 July 1933, at Newtownbutler, Co. 153 In April 1934, in the Northern Ireland parliament, when Brooke’s speech was debated, Craigavon defended him and went on to speak of a ‘Protestant parliament and a Protestant state’. He also declared that he was ‘an Orangeman first and a politician and member of this parliament afterwards’ and that he was very proud to be ‘grand master of the loyal county of Down ... 154 The public links between members of the unionist party and government and the Orange Order brought criticism.
Constitutional uncertainties, arising from the 1920 settlement, affected unionist political attitudes. 98 The first occasion for unionist concerns came in late 1921, when, against unionist wishes, the Anglo-Irish Treaty laid down that the Northern Ireland government would retain its existing powers, but under an all-Ireland parliament, not Westminster. The Northern Ireland parliament was to be allowed to opt out of this arrangement, which would bring about the establishment of a boundary commission, to investigate redrawing the north–south border.
A Political History of the Two Irelands: From Partition to Peace by Brian M. Walker (auth.)