By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the latest, groundbreaking archaeological learn, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of historic Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE till the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological facts with historic literary assets (including the Bible) to supply a sustained review of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular adjustments that impacted global heritage through the Greco-Roman period.
The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East less than the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule via the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a history for the emergence of Christianity. The authors notice within the archaeological list how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The merely book-length assessment to be had that makes a speciality of the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this entire and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.
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Additional info for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
The complex underwent frequent renovation by subsequent rulers. Alexander Jannaeus almost completely rebuilt it, covering it with a mound of earth, constructing a new fortiﬁed palace atop it, and digging a new pool to replace one that he had ﬁlled in. Two additional 43 44 the advent of hellenism swimming pools provided the architectural focus of a new structure to the northeast, each surrounded by a large paved plaza and a colonnaded garden, with additional gardens to their east and west. 5 meters).
2. e. e. A tentative agreement between Ptolemy and Seleucus reached some years earlier about the status of Coele-Syria was not honored, and the next century was punctuated by the ﬁve Syrian Wars in which the Seleucids challenged Ptolemaic control of the region. Huge destruction levels at Ashkelon and Dor provide vivid testimony to such a reality. In the main, however, the Ptolemies took control of Palestine and south-central Phoenicia, and the Seleucids controlled northern Phoenicia and Syria. This began a phase of urbanization and urban transformation that was to continue through the Roman period.
Had the last Hasmonean priest, Aristobulus III, drowned in his swimming pool at Jericho (Ant. 50–56) and began appointing priests of his own choosing. , leveling it to the ground, and achieved a new level of independence from the Seleucids (1 Macc 13:41–53; Ant. 139). The removal of the threat posed by the Akra in the heart of Jewish territory allowed the Hasmoneans to focus on the conquest of new areas, a development that in turn led to a sizable increase in the number of their subjects as well as the strengthening of the agricultural and economic base.
Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III by Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey