By A. Trevor Thrall, Jane K. Cramer
This edited quantity addresses the problem of risk inflation in American international coverage and family politics. The Bush administration's competitive crusade to construct public aid for an invasion of Iraq reheated fears concerning the president's skill to control the general public, and plenty of charged the management with 'threat inflation', duping the scoop media and deceptive the general public into assisting the struggle below fake pretences.
Presenting the newest learn, those essays search to reply to the query of why hazard inflation happens and while will probably be winning. easily outlined, it's the attempt via elites to create drawback for a chance that is going past the scope and urgency that disinterested research may justify. extra generally, the method matters how elites view threats, the political makes use of of possibility inflation, the politics of risk framing between competing elites, and the way the general public translates and perceives threats through the scoop media.
The battle with Iraq will get detailed recognition during this quantity, besides the 'War on Terror'. even though many think that the Bush management effectively inflated the Iraq chance, there isn't a neat consensus approximately why this used to be profitable. via either theoretical contributions and case experiences, this e-book showcases the 4 significant factors of possibility inflation -- realism, household politics, psychology, and constructivism -- and makes them confront each other at once. the result's a richer appreciation of this significant dynamic in US politics and overseas coverage, current and future.
This e-book can be of a lot pursuits to scholars people overseas and nationwide safeguard coverage, foreign protection, strategic reports and IR normally.
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Additional info for American Foreign Policy and The Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation since 9/11
Furthermore, although September 11, 2001, changed a great deal, there is no reason why it should have led anyone to have greater faith in democracy as the antidote to world problems. Indeed the value of democracy and the possibility of spreading it was not stressed during the run-up to the war but only became salient in the wake of the failure to find WMD. So here too the causal role of the beliefs is questionable. Reality appraisal The difficulty of determining whether and how particular beliefs affect behavior stems in part from the fact that they can form for quite different reasons.
If the discussion of reality appraisal and how it goes wrong is linked to cognitive biases, the functions of beliefs are linked to motivated ones (Spencer et al. 2003; Pears 1984; On the difficulties and possibilities of separating kinds of biases see Kaufmann 1994; Tetlock and Levi 1982). People’s needs to work with others, further their political goals, and live with themselves tap into their emotions and drive them to certain beliefs. ” Purely cognitive biases cannot explain why students at Dartmouth and Princeton who viewed films of a penalty-filled game between their two football teams saw the other side as at fault.
They then implicitly analyze their own behavior in the same way they analyze that of others and ask what beliefs and motives could have been responsible for it (Bem 1972; also see Shafir et al. 1993). Answers like inadvertence, fleeting impulses, the desire to do something and get on with it, all seem inappropriate if not frivolous and, although often correct, are rejected. Instead, the person looks for more serious and lasting beliefs and motives, and then attributes her behavior to them. This would be no more than a psychological curiosity if the effects stopped there.
American Foreign Policy and The Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation since 9/11 by A. Trevor Thrall, Jane K. Cramer