By C. R. Metcalfe, L. Chalk
This revised variation of quantity II of the Anatomy of the Dicotyledons completes the overall advent to plant anatomy supplied by means of this proven botanical reference paintings. as well as a accomplished dialogue of wooden constitution and different themes (see desk of contents), quantity II incorporates a revised model of Takhtajan's taxonomic procedure for the Dicotyledons, so as to be used because the foundation for kin descriptions in destiny volumes.
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Additional resources for Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: Volume II: Wood Structure and Conclusion of the General Introduction
In many applications, steel is indispensable owing to its outstanding structural strength. Structural systems based on steel are normally prefabricated to a large degree, do not involve any wet trades, are relatively lightweight compared to the building volume and allow a high degree of flexibility in the Â�design of layouts and building envelopes. 1 High thermal conductance is one of steel’s notable physical properties. Steel needs to be protected against corrosion; this can be achieved with measures such as coating or hot-galvanising, or by adopting construction details at an early stage in the design process that inherently protect the material against corrosion.
Some building component catalogues provide an assessment of the compound effect of the various components in construction elements, for example the floor construction in a building. 3 Consequently, it is not only important to choose the right material, but also to consider how that material is used within the context of the overall construction. In an ideal case, one could envisage a closed biological material Â�cycle, from mining via processing through to recycling, asÂ€an effective ecological process in the cradle-to-Â�cradle sense (Michael Braungart).
In the transfer of forces, long distances – such as in a suspension structure or wide cantilever – do not seem appropriate unless prompted by special requirements, such as a concentration of loads, contextual or typological requirements, for example floor areas without impeding upright supports, or maximum transparency, or a filigree appearance. In the case of the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank (1985) by Norman Foster, it was the wish for maximum transparency and flexibility in the office floors which led to the design of a suspension structure, and hence an innovation in the tower block typology.
Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: Volume II: Wood Structure and Conclusion of the General Introduction by C. R. Metcalfe, L. Chalk